What is a work?

A work within the meaning of the Dutch Copyright Act (Section 10) is any product in the field of literature, science or art, which is expressed in any way or any form whatsoever.

In addition, jurisprudence has developed the criterion that the work must have its own, original character and must bear the personal stamp of the creator.

A ‘work’ in the sense of copyright is not restricted to books, brochures or other writings; oral presentations, works of music, choreographic works, architectural designs, photographic designs, computer programs and databases are also covered by the term.

Facts, data, ideas, thoughts, methods, theories and suchlike are not protected. Collections of data could be protected under the Dutch Database Act (Databankenwet).


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