Reference styles

The most commonly used citation style in the Netherlands is the APA style. On this page you will find practical guides and questions & answers about this citation style. However, there are more reference styles in use. Below is a brief overview of the most commonly used styles.

 

  • AMA-stijl: a numbering system particularly widely used in medical studies.
  • IEEE-stijl (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers): a numbering system particularly widely used in engineering studies and based on the Chicago style.
  • Chicago-stijl. The RUG offers a concise description (in Dutch) of this style.
  • MLA-stijl (Modern Language Association). The RUG offers a bconcise description (in Dutch) of this style.
  • Harvard-stijl: is particularly widely used within economic studies.
  • Leidraad voor juridische auteurs:  is particularly used within legal studies. Radboud University has created Libguide on referencing according to the 2019 Guide for Legal Authors. This Libguide is an interpretation of the Guide.  
  • Vancouver citation style. The RUG offers a concise description (in Dutch) of this style.